Electrolyzed Salt Water: The Science Explained. - Force of Nature (2023)

Electrolyzed Salt Water: The Science Explained. - Force of Nature (1)

So what exactly is electrolyzed salt water?

As much as it sounds like it, electrolyzed salt water is not what happens when the ocean gets struck by lightning. It’s an industrial technologythat uses electricity to change the chemical structure of salt and water into a green cleaner, disinfectant, deodorizer & sanitizeras effective as bleach, but with no toxic chemicals.

The principle underlying this technology is the same as in cooking: combining ingredients under specific conditions (temperature, time, even altitude) creates a new substance that is very different from its component parts. We’ll take a brief moment to thank baking soda for making our cookies edible! Anyway, this principle is why ingredients as basic as salt and water can be converted into a cleaner & disinfectant powerful enough to kill microbes like MRSA, Staph, Salmonella, Norovirus & Influenza A.

How do you create electrolyzed salt water?

When an electrical charge is passed through a salt (NaCl) solution, the sodium separates from the chloride. Chloride is negatively charged and is attracted to the positive side of the electrical charge where it bonds with oxygen and hydrogen from the water. It gets converted from Cl- to HOCl, otherwise known as hypochlorous acid. This is the molecule that’s the same substance your immune system produces to fight infection. As a neutrophil, hypochlorous acid is produced by your white blood cells, and if you happen to be near a sneezing child or co-worker right now, rest assured your body is producing it as you read this!

(Video) How to Make Electrolyzed Water and Hypochlorous Acid with Force of Nature Natural Disinfectant

The sodium is positive and is thus attracted to the negative charge, where it also bonds with oxygen and hydrogen and is electrochemically converted to sodium hydroxide or NaOH. Sodium hydroxide is a common detergent used at different concentrations in products ranging from toothpaste to moisturizer to cleaning products.

Some electrolyzed salt water applications include a pH adjuster (like vinegar) as well. It’s the pH that determines whether the solution is predominantly bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or instead hypochlorous acid. The pH also determines whether the solution is at the right concentration of hypochlorous acid to meet EPA requirements to be registered as a disinfectant that kills 99.9% of germs.

Examples of electrolyzed salt water in the industrial space


(Video) Electrical conductivity with salt water


Research onElectrolyzed Salt Water:

Hospital use

Wound care: Here, here & here

(Video) Force of Nature non toxic cleaner | Does it work?

Cleaning & disinfecting efficacy: Here, here,here and here

Hypochlorous Acid

Because hypochlorous acid is so gentle, it has multiple medical uses and is also used in products like these:

Why you won’t find electrolyzed salt water on a store shelf

The reason is that just like bubbles in a carbonated drink, hypochlorous acid starts to dissipate over time. That means a bottle of electrolyzed salt water sitting on a store shelf or in a warehouse would lose its efficacy within just a few weeks. That’s why it’s a cleaner and disinfectant you have to make fresh at home.

(Video) EcoloxTech Eco One Electrolyzed Water System

Learn More

At Force of Nature we’ve miniaturized the electrolyzed salt water technology to fit on your countertop. In facts it’s the only EPA registered disinfectant you can make on your kitchen countertop! Our small appliance with its patented electrolyzer transforms tap water mixed with a capsule of salt, water and vinegar – pre-measured to ensure 100% accuracy in concentration and pH levels for gentleness and efficacy – into a powerful multipurpose cleaner, deodorizer and disinfectant that’s as effective as bleachyet free of toxic chemicals. Force of Natureis an EPA-registered hospital-grade disinfectant that kills 99.9% of viruses and bacteria. Force of Nature is evenon EPA’s list N, the disinfectants approved for use against SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19, and EPA expects all products on List N to kill all strains and variants of SARS-CoV-2. We created Force of Nature because we believe you shouldn’t have to trade powerful cleaning for affordable family-friendly ingredients. Here’s a little video that explains how Force of Nature works.

Learn how Force of Nature compares to conventional cleaners like bleach, Windex, Scrubbing Bubbles, Febreze, Resolve & Formula 409 here.


What is the science behind electrolyzed water? ›

When Force of Nature passes an electrical charge through the salt (NaCl) solution, the sodium separates from the chloride. Chloride is negatively charged and is attracted to the positive side of the electrical charge where it bonds with oxygen and hydrogen from the water.

What happens when you use electrolysis on salt water? ›

Electrolysis of an aqueous solution of table salt (NaCl, or sodium choride) produces aqueous sodium hydroxide and chlorine, although usually only in minute amounts. NaCl (aq) can be reliably electrolysed to produce hydrogen.

What is the science behind Force of Nature cleaner? ›

The Chemistry. Force of Nature uses a technology called electrolyzed water, which is a technology used in industrial applications including wound healing, produce preservation, eye care, veterinary care, organic crop production, and also in green cleaning & sanitizing.

What ingredients do you need to make electrolyzed water? ›

How Electrolyzed Water Is Made. Making it is pretty simple chemistry. You start with the right proportions of salt, water and vinegar. A salt molecule is made up of the elements sodium and chloride, and a water molecule is made up of hydrogen and oxygen.

Is electrolyzed water legit? ›

Studies have shown that electrolyzed water is more effective than common chemical disinfectants, such as chlorinated water, in commercial settings. Food producers and medical facilities use it instead of chemical options because it saves money and does not expose staff to chemical irritants.

Is electrolyzed water good for you? ›

Is electrolyzed water safe to drink? Electrolyzed water is non-toxic, and safe to animals, humans and the environment. As of 2015 our product, ESOL™ has been approved by the Secretary of State under regulation 31 of the Water Supply (Water Quality) Regulations 2000 for use in public water supplies.

Can salt and water generate electricity? ›

When you put salt in water, the water molecules pull the sodium and chlorine ions apart so they are floating freely, increasing the conductivity. These ions are what carry electricity through the water with an electric current. In short, saltwater (water + sodium chloride) can help to produce electricity.

What is the best salt for electrolysis? ›

In general, an aqueous solution of caustic potash or soda is used as the electrolyte for water electrolysis.

How many volts does salt water produce? ›

Summary: Engineers have developed a super-hydrophobic surface that can be used to generate electrical voltage. When salt water flows over this specially patterned surface, it can produce at least 50 millivolts.

What are the ingredients in force of nature cleaner? ›

First, Force of Nature starts with only 3 ingredients – water, salt & vinegar. It has no dyes, fragrances, preservatives, surfactants, bleach, alcohol, quats, hydrogen peroxide or any other harmful chemicals.

How effective is force of nature cleaner? ›

Disinfecting & Sanitizing Efficacy

Force of Nature is an EPA registered hospital-grade disinfectant that kills 99.9% of viruses, bacteria, mold and mildew including Norovirus, Salmonella, Influenza A, Staph, MRSA, Listeria, and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa when used as directed on hard non-porous surfaces.

Is Force of Nature legit? ›

And yes, those germs seem to include coronavirus—Force of Nature is registered with the EPA, making the government agency's list of disinfectants that can eliminate COVID-19 on hard surfaces. An all-natural cleaner that really destroys germs is very appealing.

How long does electrolyzed water last? ›

Electrolyzed water can last from 5 hours to 3 days. Therefore, you can transfer it into a reusable bottle and take it out with you to protect you everywhere!

How long is electrolyzed water effective? ›

Neutral Electrolyzed Water (pH 7, ORP>900mV and ~500ppm FAC) proved to be bactericidal for up to 12 months and sporicidal for 3 months. Fact is that Electrolyzed Water is most effective when used immediately after onsite-generation.

Why is vinegar used in electrolysis? ›

Vinegar has ions in it that are capable of transferring charge (It is an electrolyte - a solution with ions in it that can transfer a current through it). Pure water does not have ions in it to conduct the charge so the galvanometer needle doesn't move when the metals are dipped into the water.

What are the disadvantages of electrolyzed water? ›

There are drawbacks. Electrolyzed water loses its potency fairly quickly, so it can't be stored long. Machines are pricey and geared mainly for industrial use. The process also needs to be monitored frequently for the right strength.

How do you make electrolyzed salt water? ›

How do you create electrolyzed salt water? When an electrical charge is passed through a salt (NaCl) solution, the sodium separates from the chloride. Chloride is negatively charged and is attracted to the positive side of the electrical charge where it bonds with oxygen and hydrogen from the water.

Can you add essential oils to electrolyzed water? ›

Do not add any ingredients, before or after electrolysis, except for those stated in this Instruction Manual. Fragrances or scented oils will diminish the cleaning and bacteria killing effectiveness of the S-Water™.

Is it OK to drink electrolyte water? ›

In order to replace the electrolytes lost in sweat, it is recommended that you drink electrolyte-enhanced water over regular drinking water while exercising. This will help improve your heart, brain, muscle, and nervous system function.

What is the healthiest water on Earth? ›

While there are a few places that boast extremely clean water, such as Canada, Iceland, Antarctica, or even Upstate New York, the team of scientists determined that the cleanest water in the world was in the Patagonia region of Chile, Puerto Williams.

Is it safe to drink electrolyte water? ›

By drinking electrolyte water, you can replace both the water and electrolytes you lose through sweating. It's recommended to drink electrolyte water rather than regular water when exercising to get the maximum benefit. Doing so improves your brain, muscle, and heart functions.

How can I generate electricity at home for free? ›

Generating Electricity at Home
  1. Residential Solar Panels. Every ray of sunshine that lands on your roof is free electricity for the taking. ...
  2. Wind Turbines. ...
  3. Solar and Wind Hybrid Systems. ...
  4. Microhydropower Systems. ...
  5. Solar Water Heaters. ...
  6. Geothermal Heat Pumps.
Sep 26, 2018

What is the cheapest way to produce electricity? ›

According to the IEA's World Energy Outlook and other research projects, solar and wind energy have continued to occupy the top spots in terms of the cheapest renewable energy sources. Both energy sources cost significantly less than fossil fuel alternatives and continue to become more affordable every year.

How much energy can salt water produce? ›

Water power

Every cubic meter of freshwater that mixes with seawater produces about . 65 kilowatt-hours of energy -- enough to power the average American house for about 30 minutes.

Is baking soda better than salt for electrolysis? ›

Results. Distilled water will not conduct current, while tap water will conduct a small current. The solution with baking soda will facilitate a good amount of electrolysis. The solution with table salt will facilitate electrolysis the best.

Can you use Epsom salt for electrolysis? ›

-Luke warm baths with baking soda or Epsom salts are recommended when electrolysis is performed on the body.

How much baking soda do you use for electrolysis? ›

Electrolysis tips

The electrolyte is the washing soda and water solution in the tank. You only need about 1/3 cup washing soda for each 5 gallons of water or 1 rounded tablespoon of soda per gallon. This is not a case of more is better. Too much soda can increase conductivity to the point it burns out the charger.

Can salt water power a battery? ›

In saltwater batteries, a liquid solution of salt water is used to capture, store, and eventually discharge energy. Whereas a traditional lithium-ion battery uses the element lithium as its primary ingredient for conducting electricity, a saltwater battery uses sodium, the same element found in table salt.

Can salt water and magnet produce electricity? ›

Saltwater and Electromagnets

When a charged magnet comes into contact with saltwater, the ions flow through the metal to become stabilized, resulting in the electrical field.

Can you make a battery with salt water? ›

A saltwater battery is a type of battery that uses a mixture of salt and water as its electrolyte. Unlike traditional batteries, saltwater batteries are safer to use because they are non-flammable and environmental friendly. This makes them to be an eco-friendly energy storage solutions.

Why does Force of Nature smell like bleach? ›

“Force of Nature has zero added fragrances but it does have a light, clean swimming pool scent. The scent is naturally created when salt, water & vinegar are electrolyzed. Hypochlorous acid, the antimicrobial ingredient in Force of Nature, is a type of chlorine (hence the pool scent).

What is the strongest chemical cleaner? ›

Acid cleaners are the most powerful type of cleaning agent and should be used with care. If they are not diluted correctly, acid cleaners can be very poisonous and corrosive. Acid cleaners are generally used to remove mineral deposits and are useful for descaling dishwashers or removing rust from restroom facilities.

Can you use Force of Nature to clean wounds? ›

Force of Nature uses a technology called electrolyzed water, which is used in a wide range of industrial applications, for example in wound healing, eye care, and veterinary care products, and also in green cleaning & sanitizing.

Can I use Force of Nature on my skin? ›

You can do this because it's safe on skin – Force of Nature is rated as extremely safe by Skin Safe, an organization developed by the Mayo Clinic to evaluate product safety from an allergy perspective.

Can you use Force of Nature on toilets? ›

Toilet & Toilet Handle

Give that toilet seat and handle a frequent spray with Force of Nature. You can also spray the bowl, under the seat and tank, and let it air dry. Force of Nature is gentle enough to be kind to any parts that come into contact with it.

Can I use filtered water for Force of Nature? ›

Force of Nature is sustainable

You fill the bottle they provide you with water (I use filtered but you can use tap too), then add a small vial of premixed salt/water/vinegar solution and “plug it in” to the appliance for it to transform this mixture into a household cleanser.

Who owns Force of Nature? ›

Robby Sansom - Co-Founder / CEO / Land Steward - Force of Nature Meats | LinkedIn.

Can I mix bleach and vinegar? ›

Mixing bleach and vinegar creates potentially lethal chlorine gas. If you notice a pungent smell after mixing household cleaners, you should immediately leave the area and try to breathe in fresh air.

How much salt and vinegar does it take to make hypochlorous acid? ›

How Is HOCl Made? HOCl can be made on-site combining non-iodinated salt, water, and electrolysis. The system to make HOCl on-site is a 1-L container that is filled with water, to which 1 g of non-iodized salt and 1 teaspoon of vinegar are added.

Is there any science behind alkaline water? ›

Alkaline water has a higher pH level than that of plain tap water. So proponents say that it can neutralize acid in your bloodstream. Some say that alkaline water can help prevent disease, such as cancer and heart disease. However, more research is needed to verify these claims.

What does electrolysis tell us about water? ›

The electrolysis of water produces hydrogen and oxygen gases. The electrolytic cell consists of a pair of platinum electrodes immersed in water to which a small amount of an electrolyte such as H2SO4 has been added. The electrolyte is necessary because pure water will not carry enough charge due to the lack of ions.

Who should not drink alkaline water? ›

If you have a kidney condition, or are on any medication that could alter the function of your kidney in any way, drinking alkaline water could cause the minerals to accumulate in your body. Drinking too much alkaline water could also lead to metabolic alkalosis and could disrupt your body's normal pH levels.

What happens if you drink alkaline water all the time? ›

A: Drinking a bottle of alkaline water every other day won't significantly affect your body. However, if you drink a gallon of alkaline water daily, your body has to work hard to maintain its pH and that means that over time, your body will produce more gastric juices and digestive enzymes.

What is the healthiest water to drink? ›

Mineral, structured, and pure spring water are some of the healthiest water you can drink because they're clean and contain all the essential minerals your body needs. Filtered water removes contaminants but might also remove essential minerals.

What is electrolysis for dummies? ›

Electrolysis is a process in which electrical energy, from a direct current (dc) supply, breaks down electrolytes. The free moving ions in electrolytes are attracted to the oppositely charged electrodes which connect to the dc supply.

What happens to water after electrolysis? ›

Electrolysis is the process of using electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. This reaction takes place in a unit called an electrolyzer.

What affects water electrolysis? ›

i) The number of available cations and anions in the solution. ii) Mobility rate of the ions to reach the electrode. iii) Activation energy that is needed for the electron transfer from the electrode to the electrolyte ions. iv) The effect of the gas bubble surrounding the electrode on the further electrotransfer etc.


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