Energy of an electron increases with increase in distance from the nucleus. Comment on the change in kinetic energy and potential energy. (2023)

  1. Change in kinetic energy: As the distance of the electron from the nucleus increases, the force of attraction between the electron and the nucleus decreases. Due to this, the velocity of the electron decreases leading to a decrease in the kinetic energy (K.E.=12mv2wherevisthevelocity).
  2. Change in potential energy: Potential energy is inversely proportionate to the force of attraction. Thus it increases with an increase in distance.
  3. Total energy is the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy.
  4. Change in Total energy: The increase in potential energy is more than the decrease in kinetic energy. Due to this, there is overall an increase in the total energy of an electron with the increase in distance,
  5. As a result, as the electron moves away from the nucleus, its total energy increases.


1. Electron Volt Explained, Conversion to Joules, Basic Introduction
(The Organic Chemistry Tutor)
2. Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, Electron Transitions, Atomic Energy Levels, Lyman & Balmer Series
(The Organic Chemistry Tutor)
3. Uniform Electric Field (7 of 9) Kinetic Energy of an Electron thru a Potential Difference
(Step by Step Science)
4. Gr9 2020 Winter Assessment - Examiner solutions
(Dr T and Mr G Science Masterclass)
5. Bond Energy & Bond Length, Forces of Attraction & Repulsion - Chemistry
(The Organic Chemistry Tutor)
6. Energy of orbit (1) Increases as we move away from nucleus (2) Decreases as we move away from nuc...
(PW Solutions)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Roderick King

Last Updated: 10/18/2022

Views: 6083

Rating: 4 / 5 (71 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Roderick King

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: 3782 Madge Knoll, East Dudley, MA 63913

Phone: +2521695290067

Job: Customer Sales Coordinator

Hobby: Gunsmithing, Embroidery, Parkour, Kitesurfing, Rock climbing, Sand art, Beekeeping

Introduction: My name is Roderick King, I am a cute, splendid, excited, perfect, gentle, funny, vivacious person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.