Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (2023)

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Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (1)

Beth Howell

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9 min read

Solar panels will reduce both your energy bills and your carbon footprint

They're cheaper than ever, with prices having fallen by around 70% since 2010

Complete the form above to receive free quotes for solar panel installation

The popularity of solar is skyrocketing – nearly one million rooftops in the UK are now decked out with panels. We’re experiencing a sun-driven shift to green energy, and your household can certainly play its part.

But why could solar energy benefit you? Let’s discuss the key pros and cons of switching to solar energy. If you’ve already started picturing panels on your roof, find out how much a solar PV system would cost you by filling out this form – our trusted installers will be in touch before you can say “photovoltaic”.

What's on this page?

01 | Summary: The pros and cons of solar panels
02 | Advantages of solar power
03 | Disadvantages of solar power
04 | What next?

Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (2)

Summary: The pros and cons of solar panels

Pros:

  • Save money on energy bills
  • Cash in on the electricity you don’t use
  • Shrink your carbon footprint
  • No noise pollution
  • Independence from the grid
  • Easy to scale up
  • Low maintenance
  • Financial support available
  • Different solar options to choose from (thermal or PV)

X Cons:

  • Expensive installation
  • Performance is affected by weather
  • Not all roof types are suitable
  • Take up a lot of space
  • Production of panels can cause pollution
  • Expensive to move
  • Long return on investment (ROI)
(Video) Is Going Solar In 2022 Worth It? | Review From A Sustainability Expert | 1 of 2

Advantages of solar panels

Save money on energy bills

Fuelling your house with solar-generated electricity can shave a hefty sum off your monthly energy bills. Typically, a 3.5 kWp solar PV system could save you roughly £522each year, depending on where you’re located in the UK.

Your energy bill savings will depend on two things:

  1. How much energy your solar panels produce – To increase your quantity of solar-generated electricity, you can buy high-efficiency solar panels, or add more panels to your roof
  2. How much of this electricity you actually use – You can buy a solar battery to store the electricity that your panels generate during the day while you’re out, so it’s available for you to use in the evenings (when the sun’s gone down)

Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (3)

Cash in on the electricity you don’t use

For most homes in the UK, solar panels generate so much solar power, homeowners don’t know what to do with it all – which is where the Smart Export Guarantee (SEG) comes in.

The SEG requires licensed electricity suppliers to offer tariffs to small-scale, low-carbon generators, e.g. houses with solar panels. Any solar-generated electricity that doesn't get used is sent back to the National Grid, and the household receives money in return.

Shrink your carbon footprint

The primary reason solar panels are good for the environment is down to their carbon-busting technology. In fact, the average residential solar PV system in the UK saves between 1.3 and 1.6 tonnes of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere each year.

So, amidst the din of ‘climate emergency’ klaxons, it’s about time you ditched those grubby fossil fuels.

Listen to the silence

These sun-soaking sheets of silicon are great at producing power, but they don’t like to shout about it.

Since there aren’t any moving parts inside a solar panel, they operate silentlya far cry from the racket of a domestic wind turbine.

Enjoy independence from the grid

Feeling shackled to the grid? Solar panels can provide the solution. Basically, the more energy you generate, the less you need to purchase from energy companies.

While the average solar PV system won’t give you complete independence (you’re likely to still need to buy electricity from the grid for the evenings), adding a solar battery or two will empower you with genuine self-sufficiency. This way you can store any unused energy for a rainy day (or cloudy day, or night time, in fact).

If you want to avoid using the grid while you’re out and about, you can even get flexible solar panels for your off-grid road trips.

(Video) 4 Year Update - Are Solar Panels for Home Still Worth It?

Scale it up easily

That’s right: solar panels are scalable, which means you can simply add panels to an existing system, instead of having to uproot it and build a bigger one.

The same goes for solar energy storage. Most models of solar batteries are like LEGO bricks, in that they’re stackable – for example, you can build a tower of up to 10 Tesla Powerwalls before it becomes a health and safety issue.

Keep things low-maintenance

Solar panels are fiercely independent, meaning they don’t need checking on 24/7.

To get the most out of your panels, you need to keep them clean and unobstructed. However, since these smooth-surfaced panels are installed at an angle, you’ll find that most dirt and debris will just slide right off. Regular rainfall also helps to keep things squeaky clean.

The vast majority of solar panels come with a 25-year warranty, and will be operational for upwards of 40 years – so they’re with you for the long haul.

Look into financial support

These costly companions can put a strain on your purse strings, but there are numerous government schemes that can swoop to the rescue:

  • The Smart Export Guarantee (SEG) – A replacement scheme for the Feed-in Tariff. The SEG enables low-carbon electricity households to receive payments for the surplus energy they export back to the grid
  • The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) – For homeowners looking to invest in solar thermal panels. The RHI encourages homeowners to invest in renewable heat technology by helping them pay for it, sending payments quarterly over a seven-year period.

Explore the different types of solar

Solar energy covers all bases, whether you’re after renewable electricity, or a green way to heat your home.

(Video) Going Solar In 2022 | What Nobody Told You about Solar!

There are two types of solar energy that you can get for your home: solar thermal and solar PV. Solar PV panels absorb the sun’s heat and convert it into electricity, whereas solar thermal panels transform the sun’s energy into heat for household water.

Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (4)

Disadvantages of solar panels

They come at a price

A typical 3-4kWp solar PV system will set you back around £5,420 – not exactly a cheap purchase, although solar panels are becoming increasingly affordable.

The average price of panels has fallen by about 70% over the past decade, and this is set to continue as solar energy becomes increasingly widespread. If you want the full lowdown, check out our detailed guide to solar panel costs.

They're dependent on the weather

We’re stating the obvious here, but solar panels work much better in the gleaming summer months than in the dark days of winter. When the skies are clear and the sun is beaming down on your rooftop, your solar panels will naturally be at their most productive.

But if there’s one thing Brits can agree on, it’s that our weather is not the most reliable. So during dreary days and winter woes, you’ll rely more on the grid – but that doesn’t mean your solar panels will stop working entirely.

In fact, sunlight is not an essential ingredient in solar power, although it certainly helps. All your solar panels will need to work is daylight.

They require the right roof

Solar panels require your roof to be south-facing, at a 30-45 degree angle, and unobstructed by shade. If your roof doesn’t fit the criteria, then you might struggle to set up an effective solar PV system.

There’s a lot you can do to optimise your roof conditions, including buying high-efficiency solar panels (if you have limited space), cutting back trees (to reduce shading), and using tilted racks (to angle your panels perfectly).

They take up a lot of space

Solar panels are rather sizable pieces of kit, averaging around 2 m2 per panel – and the more electricity you want to generate, the more panels you’ll need to install. So, the bigger the roof, the better.

If you find yourself running out of room, you can opt for premium, high-efficiency models. Although more expensive, a small number of high-efficiency panels can do the same job as a larger number of standard panels.

They contain toxic materials

Despite their air-cleaning qualities, solar panels are made with a concoction of toxic materials. Although these chemicals won’t affect your home, the manufacture and waste stages of a panel’s life can release a lot of harmful chemicals into the atmosphere.

However, a study published by Nature Energy showed that the global environmental impact of creating solar panels is vastly outweighed by the environmental benefits of using them. Only 4% of the energy generated by a solar panel is offset by the energy required to create it – making solar power one of the world’s cleanest renewable energies.

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They cost a lot to move

Like a trusty friend, your panels are here to stay. So, if you’re considering installing solar panels onto your home, make sure you’re set on living in that property for a substantial amount of time.

These panels are hefty pieces of equipment, and will be pricey to haul from place to place – not to mention the cost of getting them reinstalled.

Long return on investment (ROI)

We worked out that, as of 2022, it'll take homeowners 10.37 years to break even on their solar panels. This means that average annual savings of £522 will mean you could break even on your panels by 2032.

Although it seems far away, this return on investment is much better than it's been in previous years.

What next?

The switch to solar brings benefits that significantly outweigh the cons. Although the initial investment is a lot of money, you can look forward to living in a home decorated with glistening panels, saving money year-on-year, and shrinking your carbon footprint.

Our latest National Home Energy Survey also revealed that 65% of people were likely to buy a house with solar panels.

Sound tempting? To get the ball rolling, you can find out how much it would cost you to install solar panels on your home – simply pop your details in this form, and our professional installers will be in touch.

Pros and Cons of Solar Panels 2022 | Eco Experts (5)

Beth Howell Senior Writer @Bethany_Howell_

Beth has a real passion for green living. She’s been absorbed in eco research for over three years, and has become quite the expert. Whether you’re after a new set of solar panels, a home energy improvement, or you want to catch the latest eco news, she’s got your back.

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FAQs

What is the biggest problem with solar panels? ›

One of the biggest problems that solar energy technology poses is that energy is only generated while the sun is shining. That means nighttime and overcast days can interrupt the supply.

What are 2 problems with solar panels? ›

Nine Common Problems with Solar Panels
  • Delamination and internal corrosion. If moisture finds its way into the panel, it can cause internal corrosion. ...
  • Electrical issues. Faulty wiring prevents your solar panels from performing well. ...
  • Micro-cracks. ...
  • Hot spots. ...
  • PID effect. ...
  • Birds. ...
  • Snail trails. ...
  • Roof issues.
16 May 2019

Is there a downside to having solar? ›

Installing solar does come with some disadvantages, such as high upfront costs, they require a lot of space, and you can't take them with you if you decide to move. Overall, installing solar panels is a great investment for homeowners.

When should you not get solar panels? ›

  • #7 Your roof isn't suitable for solar panels. ...
  • #6 There's nowhere else to put solar panels. ...
  • #5 You plan to move or sell your home. ...
  • #4 Your electricity costs are already low. ...
  • #3 You're not eligible for incentives and rebates. ...
  • #2 Your quote appears too good to be true.
19 Aug 2022

Do solar panels increase homeowners insurance? ›

You may not see an increase in your homeowners insurance premium after installing solar panels on your roof. However, you'll likely need to raise your coverage limits to account for the replacement cost of your solar panels, which will likely result in some increase to your premium.

Does solar panels damage your roof? ›

For most homeowners, as long as your solar panels are properly installed, they shouldn't do damage to the exterior or the infrastructure of your roof. If you are working with a qualified licensed professional and your roof is in good condition, your solar panels won't affect the integrity of your roof.

How long do solar panels last? ›

When you're doing your research for this sustainable energy source, it's important to factor in how long solar panels typically last. The industry standard for most solar panels' lifespans is 25 to 30 years. Most reputable manufacturers offer production warranties for 25 years or more.

Why do solar panels fail? ›

Five reasons for solar panel degradation and failure:

General Degradation - Premature failure due to water ingress or other defects. LeTID - Light and elevated Temperature Induced Degradation - sudden 3% to 6% loss in performance. Micro-cracks and hot spots - Longer-term defect and failure due to broken or damaged ...

What happens to solar panels after 25 years? ›

Over 25 years, that adds up to a total of 6.96% meaning your panels will operate at 93.04% of their original capacity in 2045. If you invest in Tier 2 solar panels, your panels will degrade . 50% each year and at the end of a 25-year warranty, they will operate at about 88.67% of their original capacity.

What happens if solar panel fails? ›

One Panel Failure. Solar panels are set up in a group, called a lighting grid. If one panel in this group fails, none of them will work. Replacing the faulty panel will restore power to the entire lighting grid.

Do solar panels cause roof leaks? ›

Poor Installation

A common reason why a roof can leak is due to the company that installed the solar panels. Most solar companies work hard to prevent leaks, but there are some that do not use sub-roofing materials. Inexperienced sub-contractors can be the other reason for inadvertent damage to a roof.

How long does it take for solar panels to pay for themselves? ›

The most common estimate of the average payback period for solar panels is six to ten years. This is a pretty wide range because there are many factors that will influence the number of years it can take to pay off your panels and the monthly savings you can expect.

Do I need to wash my solar panels? ›

Solar panels will become dirty over time. Typically, rainfall will serve as a consistent and effective method of washing the panels. However, in more arid climates where rainfall is minimal and dust storms are often an issue, it may be necessary to periodically rinse your solar panels.

Is solar a good investment in 2022? ›

But there are other reasons why 2022 is an especially good year to invest in a solar panel system. Electricity rates across the country are rising and even doubling in some states. As those rates rise, the savings that come from installing solar only increase.

Is solar really worth getting? ›

Not only is solar power good for the environment, but you can earn money selling back excess power to the grid. While costs have come down over the past years, installation and maintenance of solar panels can be quite expensive. Solar panels are best suited for homes that receive ample sun exposure throughout the year.

Are solar panels hail proof? ›

In fact, most manufacturers test and certify their solar panels to withstand hail up to one inch in diameter falling at 50 miles per hour. Today's solar panels are also extremely resilient against high winds and heavy rain. Most solar panels are certified to withstand hurricane force winds.

Do solar panels void roof warranty? ›

In most cases, solar panels will not void a roof warranty. However, you have to be cautious of some companies that may install solar panels without considering the consequences of some actions, such as drilling holes in your roof.

How common are solar panel fires? ›

How many fires are caused by solar panels? Solar panel fires are rare. Previous industry reports indicate lower than 1 incident per 10,000 installations.

Do solar panels work in rain? ›

Photovoltaic panels can use direct or indirect sunlight to generate power, though they are most effective in direct sunlight. Solar panels will still work even when the light is reflected or partially blocked by clouds. Rain actually helps to keep your panels operating efficiently by washing away any dust or dirt.

What type of roof is not good for solar panels? ›

Roofing materials that are not ideal for solar include wood and slate roofs. For one, these roofing materials are brittle, so solar panel installers can't just walk around on the roof as they normally could. This makes for a more difficult and, therefore, more expensive installation process.

Do solar panels make your roof hotter? ›

According to a study conducted by researchers at UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, solar panels reduced the amount of heat reaching the roof by an incredible 38%, keeping a building's roof 5 degrees cooler than portions of a roof exposed to sunlight directly.

Do solar panels make it harder to sell house? ›

According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, homes with solar panels sell 20% faster and for 17% more than those without.

Does heat affect solar panels? ›

It may seem counter-intuitive, but solar panel efficiency is affected negatively by temperature increases. Photovoltaic modules are tested at a temperature of 25 degrees C (STC) – about 77 degrees F., and depending on their installed location, heat can reduce output efficiency by 10-25%.

How often do solar panel batteries need to be replaced? ›

How Long Does a Solar Battery Last? Home solar battery units last anywhere between 5 and 15 years. If you decide to install a solar battery today, it's almost certain you'll need a replacement in the future to match the 20- to 30-year lifespan of your solar power system.

What can ruin solar panels? ›

3 Common Ways Solar Panels Can Be Damaged:
  • Twigs, Leaves and Dirt: Debris can scratch your solar panels and lower the amount of energy produced. ...
  • Hail Storms: Bad weather is damaging to all roofs, and hailstorms are no exception. ...
  • Water Damage: Your solar panels are sealed just like your windows.
22 Feb 2019

What wears out on a solar panel? ›

Solar panels primarily degrade because of normal wear and tear over time from exposure to UV rays and adverse weather conditions. The rate of degradation is included in a panel's performance warranty.

What are the 3 types of solar panels? ›

In this blog we will explore the main three types of solar panel cells: polycrystalline, monocrystalline and thin-film. Understanding the difference between the three, is the very first step to selecting your perfect panel for your home, business or community.

What company makes the best solar panels? ›

Review our top seven picks for solar panels for homes:
  • Silfab: Our overall pick.
  • SunPower: Our pick for efficiency.
  • Panasonic: Our pick for premium panels.
  • LG: Our pick for accessibility.
  • Q Cells: Our pick for warranty options.
  • Canadian Solar: Our pick for affordability.
  • Trina Solar: Our pick for value panels.
12 Sept 2022

What should I ask a solar company? ›

Questions about the solar system and installation

What system setup do they recommend for your property and energy needs? What's the maximum size solar system you can install? What size system do they recommend you install? What are the brands and models of the products they have available and where are they made?

What questions should you ask before purchasing solar panels? ›

10 Questions to Ask Before Going Solar
  • Why should I go solar? ...
  • Is my house right for solar? ...
  • Is my electricity bill high enough to justify going solar? ...
  • How should I finance my panels? ...
  • How much does solar cost? ...
  • How much money will I save with solar? ...
  • What type of panels should I be looking for?
9 Sept 2022

What is the downside of leasing solar panels? ›

Reduced Savings Potential

A big disadvantage of leasing solar panels is the long-term savings opportunity. Since you pay the solar company every month for the length of your lease, you will save money on your energy bills, but it's typically not as much in the long-term compared to owning the panels yourself.

How long do Tesla solar panels last? ›

Your solar panels are guaranteed by their manufacturer to at least 80% of nameplate power capacity for at least 25 years.

Who owns the solar panels on my roof? ›

Where solar panels have been installed by a solar panel provider, the provider will usually own and maintain them under the roof top lease. The lease should set out clearly the responsibilities for maintenance and removal of the panels where works are required to the roof.

Why do solar panels turn brown? ›

EVA helps to maintain UV resistance in solar panels, with ultraviolet rays not being used by the panels, so when lower quality materials are used for this the resistance isn't as good. Eventually, prolonged UV exposure starts to discolor the EVA, causing it to turn yellow or brown.

Why do solar panels go brown? ›

Snail trails are the brown lines that form on your solar panels which give the appearance of snail tracks on the surface of your panels. They are caused by a build-up of moisture in your solar panels which reduces their overall performance and can even cause them to fail prematurely.

Do solar panels degrade in storage? ›

Storing commercial silicon solar panels in a controlled environment minimizes the stresses on the solar panel materials and keeps the the panel in a preserved constant state. So, theoretically, there will be no measurable changes in the performance of the panel even on long term.

What is a true up bill for solar? ›

The True-Up statement reconciles all the cumulative energy charges, credits and compensation for the entire 12-month billing cycle. If you have a balance due after all charges and credits are reconciled, that amount will appear on the last PG&E bill of your 12-month billing cycle.

How well do solar panels work in winter? ›

Even in below-freezing weather, solar panels turn sunlight into electricity. That's because solar panels absorb energy from our sun's abundant light, not the sun's heat. In fact, cold climates are actually optimal for solar panel efficiency. So long as sunlight is hitting a solar panel, it will generate electricity.

What is the upside to solar energy? ›

Solar Power Allows for Energy Independence

If you're thinking of going completely off the grid, solar power is a natural option. Because you don't have to rely on traditional energy sources, it is possible to power your home entirely off of your own solar energy.

Are solar panels too heavy for roof? ›

Rest assured, the answer is, No. You don't have to worry about the weight of solar panels on your roof. You can put any of these items up on your roof and not worry, even for a moment, that they might plunge through the roof.

How do I keep my solar panels from getting clear of snow? ›

To clear and keep snow off your solar panels:
  1. Use a roof rake.
  2. Use a soft-bristled outdoor broom.
  3. Blow the snow off with a leaf blower.
  4. Spray the snow with a hose.
  5. Use a softball.
  6. Trim back tree branches.
  7. Ensure the panels are angled properly.
  8. Use a pulley-operated tarp.
2 Sept 2021

How common are roof leaks with solar panels? ›

Roof leaks after solar panels are extremely rare. When roof leaking after the solar panels are fitted does occur, however, it usually becomes evident very quickly after the installation process is finished. Almost always, homeowners will notice the leak within the first year, when it begins to rain or snow.

Does solar panels affect your house insurance? ›

Yes, your solar panels are likely covered by your home insurance. As long as your solar panels are attached to your home, they'll have coverage under the dwelling portion of your homeowners policy.

What happens when you pay off your solar panels? ›

Once you pay off your loan or buy your system outright you will essentially be getting energy for free. When it comes to payment, those who are using solar energy will still get a monthly utility bill. This will show how much energy you produced versus how much energy you used for the month.

When should you not get solar panels? ›

  • #7 Your roof isn't suitable for solar panels. ...
  • #6 There's nowhere else to put solar panels. ...
  • #5 You plan to move or sell your home. ...
  • #4 Your electricity costs are already low. ...
  • #3 You're not eligible for incentives and rebates. ...
  • #2 Your quote appears too good to be true.
19 Aug 2022

How long do solar panels last? ›

When you're doing your research for this sustainable energy source, it's important to factor in how long solar panels typically last. The industry standard for most solar panels' lifespans is 25 to 30 years. Most reputable manufacturers offer production warranties for 25 years or more.

Will solar panels cause roof leaks? ›

Poor Installation

A common reason why a roof can leak is due to the company that installed the solar panels. Most solar companies work hard to prevent leaks, but there are some that do not use sub-roofing materials. Inexperienced sub-contractors can be the other reason for inadvertent damage to a roof.

What is the major problem that must be solved with solar cells? ›

One of the most common problems with solar panels is hot spots. Given below is their description: Hot spots are basically those places on the panels which are overloaded and hence tend to become warm. These are a result of badly soldered connections or a structural defect in solar cells.

What happens if solar panel fails? ›

One Panel Failure. Solar panels are set up in a group, called a lighting grid. If one panel in this group fails, none of them will work. Replacing the faulty panel will restore power to the entire lighting grid.

Do solar panels need maintenance? ›

Luckily, solar panels require minimal maintenance to ensure they keep working properly and producing solar energy for your home. The most common type of maintenance required for your panels is cleaning. Dirt and debris can collect on your panels, especially during storms or extended periods without rainfall.

Does hail damage solar panels? ›

In short, yes hail can damage solar panels, and most home insurance policies cover that damage. However, the chances of hail actually damaging panels is slim to none.

Do solar panels make it harder to sell house? ›

According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, homes with solar panels sell 20% faster and for 17% more than those without.

Do solar panels work when raining? ›

Photovoltaic panels can use direct or indirect sunlight to generate power, though they are most effective in direct sunlight. Solar panels will still work even when the light is reflected or partially blocked by clouds. Rain actually helps to keep your panels operating efficiently by washing away any dust or dirt.

Do solar panels void roof warranty? ›

In most cases, solar panels will not void a roof warranty. However, you have to be cautious of some companies that may install solar panels without considering the consequences of some actions, such as drilling holes in your roof.

Are solar panels too heavy for roof? ›

Rest assured, the answer is, No. You don't have to worry about the weight of solar panels on your roof. You can put any of these items up on your roof and not worry, even for a moment, that they might plunge through the roof.

How many solar panels does it take to charge an electric car? ›

So to produce 4,666 kWh of energy you'd need an additional 3.1 kW system, or eight to 12 panels, depending on their power output, to run the average EV purely on solar energy.

How many solar panels does it take to run a house? ›

How many solar panels does the average house need? With a home of roughly 1500 square feet, it is estimated that 15 to 18 solar panels will be needed.

Will a solar panel work if the glass is cracked? ›

A solar panel with broken glass could still work fine. However, getting it fixed will help you curb two challenges: One, it will prevent moisture from entering and affecting the solar cells. Two, the glass surface will not damage any further.

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